Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. When the liver is inflamed or damaged, its function can be affected. Heavy alcohol use, toxins, some medications, and certain medical conditions can all cause hepatitis. However, hepatitis is often caused by a virus. In the United States, the most common hepatitis viruses are hepatitis A virus, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus. Hepatitis A , hepatitis B , and hepatitis C are liver infections caused by three different viruses.
Hepatitis C Symptoms. Diagnosing Hepatitis C - ALF
Some people who get HCV have it for a short time up to six months and then get better on their own. This is called acute Hepatitis C. Whereas Hepatitis A generally gives rise to acute hepatitis, Hepatitis C results in chronic hepatitis in most patients. In order to understand your Hepatitis C infection, it helps to have a basic understanding of how your liver works.
Fortunately, there are several measures people can take to protect themselves from this potentially life-threatening disease. HCV is a blood-borne disease, that is, it is transmitted by blood-to-blood contact. Any activity that lets one person's blood or body fluids to come into contact with another person's blood or mucous membranes can potentially transmit HCV.
Hepatitis C is transmitted primarily by exposure to blood containing the hepatitis C virus. Current research suggests that if you're in a long-term, monogamous relationship with a partner who has hepatitis C, your risk of contracting hepatitis C is quite low — unless you also have human immunodeficiency virus HIV. But couples should avoid sharing razors, toothbrushes and nail clippers.