African Americans also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans  are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa. African Americans constitute the third largest ethnic group and the second largest racial group in the US, after White Americans and Hispanic and Latino Americans. Census Bureau data, African immigrants generally do not self-identify as African American. African-American history starts in the 16th century, with peoples from West Africa forcibly taken as slaves to Latin America, and in the 17th century with West African slaves taken to English colonies in North America. After the founding of the United States, black people continued to be enslaved , and the last four million black slaves were only liberated after the Civil War in
The sexual abuse of Afro-American and white-American women in childhood
Jennifer D. The essay argues that even after the civil rights and feminist movements, black women writers send their protagonists abroad to seek sexual and racial freedoms. Most users should sign in with their email address. If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in. To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. Don't already have an Oxford Academic account? Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford.
Documentation of sexual behavior in America was left to personal accounts, fantasy, and imagination until 25 years ago, when Kinsey and his research group published the shocking findings that 1 out of 2 married women in their sample of 6, reported having had intercourse before marriage Masters and Johnson , pioneered a more in-depth examination of the physiology of human sexuality and the incidence of sexual dysfunctions. More contemporary research has documented the variety of female sexual behaviors Hite, However, most of these studies are limited to white, highly educated samples from the urban northeastern part of the United States. With the exception of some data by the Kinsey research group, minority groups, teenagers, and geriatric populations were excluded from these landmark studies of sexual behavior.
Background: The sexual and reproductive health of African American women has been compromised due to multiple experiences of racism, including discriminatory healthcare practices from slavery through the post-Civil Rights era. However, studies rarely consider how the historical underpinnings of racism negatively influence the present-day health outcomes of African American women. Although some improvements to ensure equitable healthcare have been made, these historical influences provide an unexplored context for illuminating present-day epidemiology of sexual and reproductive health disparities among African American women.